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Mammals

Nine-banded Armadillo
(Dasypus novemcintus)

Report a Sighting

If you have recently seen an armadillo in Illinois, please REPORT the sighting to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.

Description & Identification

The nine-banded armadillo is very distinct and is not easily confused with any other animal that is found in Illinois. An adult armadillo is the size of a large cat, though the body shape resembles that of an opossum. They are most closely related to sloths and anteaters. Armadillos have a carapace of bony plates covered with leathery skin that may be mottled brown to yellowish-white in color. They have very little hair.

Photo: http://www.birdphotos.com, CC BY 3.0
Nine-banded armadillo
A nine-banded armadillo.

The head is long and slender, with ears that are approximately 40 percent the length of the head. Armadillos have relatively short legs. There are four toes on the front feet and five toes on the hind feet, all with well-developed claws for digging. The tail is almost as long as the body.

Average Length: 24 to 33 inches including the tail

Average Weight: 8 to 17 pounds

 

Illustrator: Lynn Smith
Man and armadillo illustration
Size comparison between a six-foot-tall man and an armadillo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Species Spotlight

Learn more about armadillos in Illinois in OutdoorIllinois Journal:

Legal Status

Armadillos are not currently protected by the Illinois Wildlife Code. They may be removed without a permit.

Armadillos can survive in areas with a constant source of water that have annual temperatures above 28˚F. Since they depend heavily on insects as a food source, have very little hair, and do not hibernate, armadillos cannot easily survive when the ground is frozen for more than a few days.

There have been a few hundred verified armadillo sightings in Illinois since the 1990s, mostly in the southern half of the state. They are known to breed in Illinois.