Check out the PHOTO GALLERYfor help with identification and to see at a glance when a permit is needed. The flowcharts below can also guide you on whether a permit is needed.
Controlling Nuisance Mammals in Illinois
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Controlling Nuisance Birds in Illinois
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) provides federal legal protection for wild birds with the exception of species not native to North America (pigeon, European starling and house sparrow) and resident game birds (wild turkey). Protection under this act extends to bird feathers and other body parts as well as to eggs and active nests. Most birds, including resident game birds, are also protected by Illinois laws. You will need to obtain federal and/or state permits in order to legally remove most birds or nests with eggs or young. Endangered or threatened species may not be removed. Non-lethal control, such as repellents and frightening devices, should be tried before a removal permit will be issued.
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Removing Canada Geese
Controlling Nuisance Canada Geese in Illinois
For more information about Canada Geese removal permits contact the Illinois Department of Natural Resources Urban Waterfowl Project Manager at (847) 608-3167
Controlling Nuisance White-tailed Deer in Illinois
Deer Removal Permits are generally issued to landowners for properties that are not incorporated within municipal boundaries to help reduce damage caused by deer, where excessive damage to agricultural crops, nurseries, orchards, and/or vineyards is current and ongoing. Deer Population Control Permits are issued to agencies, organizations, associations and municipalities, but are not issued to individual landowners.
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Request a Removal Permit
If you need a permit, fill out thisFORMto request one from your local Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) district wildlife biologist.
An animal removal permit will only be issued if the IDNR determines that the animal is causing substantial property damage or if there is a serious public health or safety concern. Permits are not issued to deal with inconveniences such as squirrels raiding feeders, woodpeckers drumming trees, or rabbits foraging in flower beds. While these situations are understandably frustrating for the homeowner, there are other methods that can be used in those situations.
Before you tackle this job, know that there are several reasons why it is often more convenient tohire a professional.
It is safer for a trained professional to capture a wild animal. Trapping a wild animal carries the risk of physical injury, and wildlife can be carriers of diseases that are transmittable to people.
While it may cost more, it is convenient. Nuisance wildlife control operators already have the necessary permits and training to do the job.
Some animals must be humanely euthanized after they are captured. You should hire a professional if you do not have the skill or ability to do this part of the job.
If the animal is going to be relocated, it must be transported safely and securely. It is illegal to transport a wild animal unless the animal is secured in a suitably sized trap. The trap must be secured in a vehicle that has more than one compartment (i.e., a pickup truck with a topper) to avoid contact between people and the animal. And you must have the permission of the land owner before releasing the animal onto their property. It is illegal to relocate an animal onto public parks or natural areas.